Major Amendments in LIC Act 1956

Major Amendments in LIC Act 1956: The Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) Act, 1956. Will amended, according to a statement from the Ministry of Finance, and the changes will take effect on June 30, 2021. Additionally, changes have been made to ensure that the Centre keeps at least a 75% holding in LIC for the first five years after its IPO and at least a 51% stake after that. As of Wednesday, changes that guarantee policyholders receive a percentage of the shares sold in the Initial Public Offering (IPO) have also been passed.

The LIC Act was amended to shift the LIC from a corporation to a company. Establish an independent board in accordance with listing requirements, increase the permissible capital to Rs 25,000 crore divided into shares of 10 each, and make other legal modifications. The following revisions to the LIC Act of 1956 are included in Part III of the Finance Act of 2021.

Major Amendments in LIC Act 1956

The Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) has been a cornerstone of India’s insurance industry since its establishment in 1956 through the LIC Act. Over the years, it has played a pivotal role in securing the financial future of millions of Indians. To adapt to the evolving insurance landscape and economic challenges, the LIC Act has undergone several significant amendments. In this article, we will explore some of the major amendments to the LIC Act 1956 and their impact on the insurance sector.

Another significant change is the introduction of stricter corporate governance norms, aimed at enhancing transparency and accountability in LIC’s operations. Additionally, the amendments have also emphasized the need for digitalization and technology adoption within LIC, enabling it to provide more efficient and customer-centric services. These amendments are expected to strengthen LIC’s position as a leading insurance provider in India and contribute to the overall growth and development of the insurance sector in the country.

Major Amendments in LIC Act 1956

Major Amendments in LIC Act 1956 Overview

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Introduction of IPO

One of the most noteworthy amendments to the LIC Act came in 2021 with the proposal to introduce an Initial Public Offering (IPO) for LIC. Previously, LIC was wholly owned by the government of India. The move to bring LIC into the stock market marked a significant shift in the company’s structure. This amendment aimed to raise funds for the government while also promoting transparency, efficiency, and accountability in the operations of LIC. The IPO allowed the public to own a stake in India’s largest insurer, thereby democratizing the ownership of the company.

Increase in FDI Limit

The liberalization of the insurance sector in India has been a gradual process. In 2015, an important amendment to the LIC Act was made by increasing the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) limit in the insurance sector from 26% to 49%. This change attracted foreign investors and led to greater capital infusion into the sector, boosting growth and competition. The higher FDI limit has allowed foreign insurers to form joint ventures and collaborate with Indian partners, resulting in innovative insurance products and improved service quality.

Digital Transformation

With advancements in technology and changing customer preferences, LIC has had to adapt to a more digitized environment. The amendments to the LIC Act have paved the way for embracing digitalization, making it easier for policyholders to access services, purchase policies online, and file claims digitally. This transformation not only enhances customer experience but also improves operational efficiency and reduces paperwork.

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Enhanced Corporate Governance

Corporate governance is vital for the credibility and stability of an insurance giant like LIC. The amendments to the LIC Act have reinforced the principles of corporate governance, ensuring transparency, accountability, and fairness in the company’s operations. This includes the appointment of independent directors, improved risk management practices, and more robust compliance measures.

Product Diversification

The LIC Act amendments have also facilitated product diversification. LIC is no longer limited to offering traditional life insurance policies but has expanded its portfolio to include a wide range of insurance products, including health insurance, pension plans, and unit-linked insurance plans (ULIPs). These amendments have allowed LIC to cater to the changing needs and preferences of its diverse customer base.

Microinsurance & Rural Penetration

Inclusive growth has been a significant focus of the amendments to the LIC Act. With the introduction of microinsurance products and greater emphasis on rural penetration, LIC has been able to extend its services to underserved and economically weaker sections of society. This not only contributes to financial inclusion but also aligns with the government’s vision of a socially and economically secure India.

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Solvency & Capital Adequacy

To ensure the financial stability and solvency of LIC, amendments have been made to strengthen its capital adequacy and risk management. These changes are essential to protect the interests of policyholders and maintain the insurer’s ability to meet its obligations even in adverse economic conditions.

Regulatory Compliance

The amendments to the LIC Act have brought LIC in line with evolving regulatory standards. Compliance with the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) guidelines is crucial for maintaining the trust of policyholders and ensuring a competitive and sustainable insurance industry.

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The amendments to the LIC Act 1956 have been instrumental in shaping the insurance landscape in India. From embracing digitalization to increasing foreign investment and enhancing corporate governance. These changes have positioned LIC as a dynamic and responsive insurance giant. The introduction of an IPO for LIC not only raised much-needed funds for the government but also democratized ownership and increased transparency.

Moreover, the expansion of product offerings. Rural outreach, and improved solvency standards have further solidified LIC’s position as a trusted insurer that caters to the diverse needs of the Indian population. As India’s insurance sector continues to evolve. It is essential for LIC to remain adaptable and innovative to meet the challenges of the future. The LIC Act amendments have set the stage for this transformation. Ensuring that LIC remains a key player in India’s financial security landscape for years to come.

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