Engineering Career Guide 2021 : Engineering as a career has attracted large number of students in India and These aspirants taking the engineering exams are testimony to this fact. Engineering is a multi-discipline field with new disciplines and branches being added with the advancement of science and technology.
इंजीनियर्स इंजीनियरिंग की विभिन्न शाखाओं में विशेषज्ञ हैं। मैकेनिकल, इलेक्ट्रिकल, इलेक्ट्रॉनिक्स, केमिकल, बायोमेडिकल आदि। वे विभिन्न क्षेत्रों में उपयोग की जाने वाली मशीनों और उपकरणों के डिजाइन, बड़ी संरचना, रखरखाव, उत्पादन, या परीक्षण की योजना बनाने में काम करते हैं। कई इंजीनियर प्रबंधन का अध्ययन करते हैं जहां उनकी इंजीनियरिंग पृष्ठभूमि इंजीनियरिंग वस्तुओं की विपणन प्रक्रिया और स्थापना की योजना को सुविधाजनक बनाती है।
Engineering Career Guide
- 1 Engineering Career Guide
- 1.1 Engineering Courses
- 1.2 Career Option After B.Tech
- 1.3 Career Prospects
- 1.4 What qualifications will you need to succeed in your engineering specialism?
Engineering contains a large number of job opportunities and specialties. We’ve selected a list of specialties below for Engineering Career Guide in 2021. With each specialty, we look at the definition and nature of the work, the specialties employment trends, possibly career advancement opportunities.
Students who are interested in engineering degrees and careers have a wealth of options to choose from. Prospective professionals can follow a degree and career path based on the science that piques their interest, the types of products they’re interested in working with, or the materials they are knowledgeable about. for Best Engineering Career Guide 2021 Below are examples of the types of jobs that engineers can pursue, along with educational requirements as described by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Here We discuss in detail about various career options for Engineering in 2021, MSc, MCA students in Information technology, Electronics & Communication, Computer Science, Electrical, Mechanical and Chemical fields along with entry level jobs, skills required for entry level jobs, engineering salaries, higher education courses etc. Those students who wish to pursue engineering after 12’th, we had provided list of career options in Engineering.
Aerospace Engineers work in aeronautical and spacecraft engineering. They design, analyze, construct, develop, test and manufacture commercial and military aircrafts, missiles, and spacecrafts.
Agricultural Engineers design and develop farm implements and machineries, and equipments used during production, processing, transportation and storage of agricultural commodities. Field engineers deal with irrigation, drainage and land resource planning and execution.
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Automobile Engineers are concerned with the design, development, repair and manufacture of automobiles. They may also specialize in automobile design.
Biomedical Engineers are scientists who using the principles of engineering and life sciences conduct research on the biological aspects of human and animal life. The products biomedical engineers have invented have revolutionized the field of medicine. Some examples are the artificial heart and other artificial organs, prosthetics (artificial limbs), use of lasers in surgery, cryosurgery, ultrasonics and the use of computers in diagnosis.
Chemical Engineers combine principles of chemistry and engineering to solve problems in the production of chemicals. This Option are concerned with designing, supervision, construction, installation and operation of equipment, plants and works in which substances undergo physical and chemical changes. The chemical technologists deal with the development and operation of processes for production purposes.
Civil Engineers are concerned with planning, investigation, survey, design, supervision, and all work connected with construction. They specialize in structural engineering, water management engineering, highway engineering, environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, or environmental engineering
Computer Engineers design, manufacture, and maintain computer hardware and computer based information and control systems.
Electrical engineers find employment with organizations dealing with generation, transmission, distribution and utilization of electrical energy. They work in the manufacturing industry, design electrical machinery and equipment, and oversee their operation. They are employed in high powered electrical generating stations, design and construction of power plants, and in industries manufacturing industrial machinery.
Environmental Engineers use knowledge from several disciplines to protect the quality of the human environment – its air , water and land. This field embraces a wide field, from the ocean depths where marine resources must be preserved to the depletion of ozone layers in the upper atmosphere which poses a threat to life on earth.
Marine Engineers design, research, survey, install and maintain marine vessels of all types and sizes. The job of running, maintenance and repair of engine rooms of sailing vessels both merchant and navy is carried out by marine engineers. Marine engineers also work as shore engineers to install , maintain equipments used during loading and unloading of cargo and other dock machinery.
Mechanical engineering has had a very interesting history and is one of the oldest and broadest engineering disciplines. From the invention of the first steam engine to the bullet trains we see now, mechanical engineering as a field has seen tremendous growth. Mechanical engineers are employed in almost every sector of the industry. Some of the largest areas of employment are machine tools, railway engineering, aerospace, the automobile industry and power plants.
The application of chemical engineering is in diverse industries – e.g. in industries manufacturing paints, dyes, varnishes, drugs, acids, petroleum, fertilizers, foods, dairy products. They may work in textile or plastic industry or even in glass or rubber industry. The application of this branch is extensive
Students who are interested in engineering degrees and careers have a wealth of options to choose from. Prospective professionals can follow a degree and career path based on the science that piques their interest, the types of products they’re interested in working with, or the materials they are knowledgeable about.
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Career Option After B.Tech
Another question that students are faced while deciding to pursue B.Tech for their graduation is the question ‘what after B.Tech’. B.Tech being a professional course offers students both the options i.e. either to go for further studies or opt for a job. So, let’s look at both these aspects in detail below:
One of the most popular career options after engineering is to pursue further studies. If you’re a B.Tech student, then you can prepare for the GATE exam.
M.Tech / M.E
GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is an exam that tests the comprehensive understanding of undergraduate engineering subjects. With an excellent GATE score, you can enter prestigious engineering colleges (IITs and NITs) for M.Tech. M.Tech is one of the preferred courses after engineering.
The most preferred study option for most of the engineering graduates after their B.Tech programme is to opt for MBA to earn a management degree. Engineering graduates generally opt for take up a job through campus placements to garner work experience. And after a few years, they take up MBA / PDGM programme. In order to join top MBA colleges, students have to appear for CAT, XAT, MAT, CMAT or other popular MBA entrance exams.
Being a professional course, B.Tech also opens up several career opportunities for the students after the completion of the Engineering. The among them are:
All engineering colleges have a dedicated placement cell that work towards getting the engineering graduates placed in reputed organizations. You can choose to get an engineering job through campus placements. Campus placements can help you get a high-paying job even before you get your degree. Campus placements can be very lucrative. The number of job offers worth more than one crore has increased considerably in the past few years.
After B.Tech students can also take up technical jobs in Public Sector Undertakings through the GATE / Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering. The competition level for these jobs is quite high. But it’s worth it in the end. PSUs check your GATE score for recruitment. There are multiple PSUs, and each of them announces the required GATE score for application every year.
They only consider the GATE score of that specific year. If you work hard, then you can even get a job in a Maharatna PSU (BHEL, SAIL, IOCL, and others). These jobs offer great pay, security, and give you a respectable position in society.
Engineering Services Exam
Engineering Services Exam is a national level screening test conducted by the UPSC / the Union Public Service Commission. The exam is the right choice for B.Tech students who aspire for government jobs in different sectors such as Defence, PWD, Railways etc.
For students who do not want to opt for campus placements, they can also apply to different private companies for a job, after completing their B.Tech programme. Students can also take up employability tests such as AMCAT and eLitmus in order to prove their technical prowess and improve their chances of being selected for the job.
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What qualifications will you need to succeed in your engineering specialism?
in Engineering Career Guide 2021 best tips is Make sure your CV stands out when you apply for graduate engineering opportunities by ensuring that it’s clear, concise, easy to read and clear from grammatical mistakes. It should also address exactly what the employer is looking for. As we’ve seen, some engineering fields have multiple routes of entry – be they vocational, academic or via an apprenticeship. But if you know that you want to go into a very specific field of engineering, then you need to think about what skill-sets you need, and consider which qualifications will get you there.
For example, if you want to go into something specialist like petroleum engineering, it may be helpful to have a grounding in chemical engineering more generally (whether you take an academic degree or a higher level vocational qualification/apprenticeship)