Chittorgarh Fort – The Chittorgarh Fort in Rajasthan is one of the largest forts in India. It was made in the 7th century A.D. by local Maurya rulers, who are frequently confuse with imperial Maurya rulers. A fine example of the well-known Rajput style, the Chittorgarh Fort, also known as Chittor, stands majestically on a hill that is 590 feet high and covers 692 acres of land. Numerous gateways were made by the Maurya clan’s later rulers to complement the fort’s impressive design. Chittorgarh Fort, which is now part of the city of Chittorgarh, was once Mewar’s capital. Chittorgarh Fort is a true representation of Rajput culture and values, telling stories of heroism and sacrifice. The Chittorgarh Fort was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2013 due to its magnificent structure.
Chittorgarh Fort is located in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan. It was built by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1568 AD. Fort is spread over an area of 22.5 hectares and has a circumference of 18 km. The fort was built on a high rocky peak and overlooks the city of Chittorgarh. The fort is a good example of Mughal architecture and has many buildings, palaces, wall, gates and enclosures.
- 1 Chittorgarh Fort
- 2 Chittorgarh Fort Details
- 3 History
- 4 Tourist attraction at Chittorgarh
- 5 Highlights of Chittorgarh
- 6 Sound and Light Show
- 7 How to reach Chittorgarh Fort?
- 8 Reviews
There is a drawn out, difficult experience of 1 km that prompts the Chittorgarh Stronghold and is very steep. Due to its many historical sacrifices, it is frequently regard as the state’s pride. Chittorgarh Fort is also known as the Water Fort because it once had 84 water bodies, but only 22 of them are still there today. The towers Vijay Stambh and Kirti Stambh are the fort’s two main attractions. The Kirti Stambh stands for the tower of fame, while the Vijay Stambh stands for the tower of victory. It looks even more stunning at night when the towers are illuminate. The Meera Temple is the most well-known of the fort’s many palaces and temples, in addition to the towers.
Chittorgarh Fort is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Rajasthan. The fort is located on a hilltop overlooking the city of Chittorgarh and the Rajasthan Desert. The fort was originally built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1639 AD as a hunting lodge. Over the years, it has been modified and expanded many times. Today, it is a well- preserved imperial palace with a large number of structures, including palaces, mosques, temples, and gardens. Visitors can explore the palace grounds, enjoy a picnic lunch in the gardens, or take a walk through the surrounding villages.
Chittorgarh Fort Details
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Chitranga, the builder of Chittorgarh and the ruler of a nearby Maurya or Mori clan, is thought to be the source of the name Chittorgarh. One more folktale attributes the development of the post to Bhima, who struck the ground and aided the Bhimlat Kund to surface. At the lake’s edge, several small Buddhist stupas from the 9th century have also been found.
The Chittorgarh Fort is a historical treasure trove and a tale of bravery, bravery, and sacrifice. Between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, it was taken three times. Rana Ratan Singh was defeat by Allauddin Khilji in 1303, Bikramjeet Singh was defeat by Bahadur Shah in 1535, and Akbar was defeat by Maharana Udai Singh II in 1567. Despite their bravery, the Rajputs consistently lost. More than 13,000 women and children of soldiers who lost their lives in the battle committed “Jauhar,” or mass self-immolation, following these defeats in the wars. Rani Padmini, the wife of Rana Rattan Singh, who perished in the first battle, was in charge. The Chittorgarh Fort is a memorial to sacrifice and nationalism.
Many tourists will be captivate by Chittorgarh fort’s long and turbulent history. The legend says that Chitrangada Maurya built the fort, which is 175 kilometers to the east of Udaipur. The Rajputs’ bravery and selflessness are symbolize by the fort. But there are other legends about the fort, one of which says that Bhima, one of the Pandavas, hit the ground with all his strength and made a huge reservoir out of it. Bhimlat Kund is the name of the body of water that Bhima created. Over 700 acres, the Chittorgarh Fort, also known as the Water Fort, is home to 22 water bodies, palaces, towers, and temples.
The Conquest of Alauddin Khilji
The Guhila dynasty ruled the fort for a long time until 1303, when Alauddin Khilji, ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, decided to take it. After a siege that lasted about eight months, he took over ownership of the fort from King Ratnasimha. Since many people believe that Alauddin Khilji order the execution of more than 30,000 Hindus after capturing the fort, this conquest is associated with massacres and bloodshed. According to another well-known legend, Khilji took control of the fort in an effort to coerce Padmini, the queen of Ratnasimha, into having an extramarital affair. This rationale of Khiljiis said to have brought about the mass self-immolation (jauhar) of Chittorgarh ladies, drove by Sovereign Padmini. Alauddin Khilji gave the fort to his son Khizr Khan a few years later, and he kept it until 1311 AD.
Infrastructure of Chittorgarh Fort
Roosted on a high slope of 180 meters and rambling at 700 sections of land, it is a 13km long riveting thing of beauty. The seven gates of the fort Ganesh gate, Hanuman gate, Padan gate, Jodla gate, Lakshman gate, Bhairon gate, and Ram gate are reach via a lengthy road. It was built with the gates up to keep intruders and attackers out.
Architecture of Chittorgarh Fort
Plastered stone was use to construct Rana Kumbha’s palace. This palace’s collection of gilded balconies is one of its most distinctive features. The palace’s entrance is through Suraj Gate, which is link to numerous myths. With three floors, Padmini’s palace is an impressive structure. In the early 19th century, the old palace, which had been destroy for various reasons, was rebuilt. The current structure of the building is white in color. The old palace’s architecture was a nice combination of Rajput and Mughal styles.
Tourist attraction at Chittorgarh
If you’re visiting Chittorgarh, be sure to check out the beautiful tourist attraction at Raj Mahal. This iconic structure is composed of a series of white marble arches that rise to a height of 163 feet. Designed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, the monument is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most popular tourist attractions in Chittorgarh. Whether you’re a fan of architecture or just looking for a picturesque spot to take a photo, Raj Mahal is definitely worth a visit!
Consistently, a Jauhar Mela is held in Chittorgarh. One of the jauhars’ anniversary is mark by this Rajput festival. The faif is believe to commemorate Rani Padmini’s jauhar and Rajputana valor, though no name has been given.
The Meera Sanctuary is devote to Meera Bai, and was work by Maharana Kumbha in 1449. This beautiful temple, where Lord Vishnu is worship, should be visit by tourists looking for some tranquility. The stunning temples have Indo-Aryan-style architecture. A carve statue of five separate human structures with only one head can be found on the temple’s exterior. This symbol depicts how people of all religions, cultures, and communities coexist.
The poetess Rani Meera Bai, who devote her life to Lord Kirshna, is also associate with the fort. The fort also has a temple dedicated to Meera and the famous poet-saint who lived there. According to legend, her brother-in-law once attempted to kill her, but with Lord Krishna’s help, she survived after taking a lethal poison.
Chittorgarh continues to attract visitors from all over the world due to the abundance of historical tales of love and devotion.
Vijay Stambha (Tower of Victory)
Maharana Kumbha constructed the tower to commemorate his victory over Mohammed Khilji. Situated at Chittorgarh Post, this stupendous construction has models of Hindu gods. Travelers, who are partial to spellbinding sights, ought to make a beeline for the patio overhangs where they can get an arresting perspective on the full town. One can likewise catch pictures of Jain Goddess Padmavati. The nine times carved Arabic word “Allah” is also on display at the site.
Kirti Stambh (Tower of Fame)
Jeeja Bhagerwala, a Jain merchant, built Kirti Stambh to honor the Jains. Figures of the Digambars decorate this structure, which is dedicate to Adinathji, the first Jain Teerthankar.
Gaumukh Reservoir, which is on the fort’s western side, has religious significance. A structure in the shape of a cow’s mouth, from which water flows, helps to fill the reservoir. Devotees who go to a lot of shrines should definitely go to Gaumukh Kund to finish their holy journey, according to many stories.
In Hindi, Gaumukh means mouth of a cow and this reservoir near the Samadheshwar temple derives that its name from the cow-shape mouth which fills it with water. It was the main water source whenever Chittorgarh was under a siege.
The mesmerizing palace is as beautiful as Queen Padmini was. It is the same palace in which Queen Padmini along with King Ratan Singh live. Also, Alauddin Khilji’s obsession for Queen Padmini began from here that it lead to a war between him and Ratan Singh.
Padmini’s Palace, also known as Rani Padmini’s Palace, is a three-story building that was built in the 19th century to replace the original palace. It is a stunning white stone structure that can be found in the south of the Chittorgarh Fort. Alauddin Khilji was persuade to overthrow Chittorgarh when he was given a glimpse of Queen Padmini here. Akbar removed the bronze gates that led to this pavilion and brought them to Agra.
Highlights of Chittorgarh
There are four palaces, nineteen temples, twenty bodies of water, and four memorials in the fort. Maharana Fateh Singh constructed the modern-style Fateh Prakash Palace. The palace, which is now a government museum and is in the Chittorgarh Fort, has a lot of beautiful sculptures, ancient weapons like daggers, knives, and axes, helmets, shields, and soldiers’ uniforms. A fountain, a Ganesh idol, and frescos are among the other highlights of this magnificent museum. Jains come to Mohan Magri to worship at Satbis Deori, a beautiful temple. Six Jain temples with beautiful, intricate carvings are located in the Chittorgarh fort. Bhagwan Adinatha is the largest of the many temples, with 52 devkulikas.
The Seven Gates
All of the gates have distinctive architectural designs, which is not surprising given that they were made with security in mind. In the event of an attack, the gates’ pointed arches provide additional protection. The gates had notched parapets built into them so that soldiers could shoot arrows at the enemy army. Within the fort, there is a common road that connects all of the gates. In turn, the gates lead to various temples and palaces within the fort. Each gate is significant in history. During one of the sieges in 1535 AD, Prince Bagh Singh was kill at the Padan Gate. Rao Jaimal of Badnore allegedly was kill by Emperor Akbar himself during the most recent siege. It is believe that this incident occur somewhere in the space in between the Hanuman Gate and the Bhairon Gate.
Rana Kumbha Palace
The oldest structure in the Chittorgarh Fort is the Rana Kumbha’s Palace ruins, which are located near the Vijaya Stamba entrance. The Suraj Pol is the entrance to the palace courtyard. It leads you into a series of beautifully adorned canopied balconies. This palace was also where the famous poet-saint Meera Bai lived. Additionally, Rani Padmini and a large number of other women committed mass self-immolation at this location.
Kalika Mata Temple
This temple, built in the 14th century, is dedicate to the Hindu goddess Kali. It was said to have been destroy by Allauddin Khilji during his attacks on Chittorgarh, but it was later rebuilt. It is well-known for its Indo-Aryan architecture and is directly across from Rani Padmini Palace.
Built in the 14th century, the Kalika Mata Temple devoted to Goddess Kali has a magnificent architecture and fascinating art in this temple.
A memoir of Mewar’s art and craft, Fatehprakash Palace was built during the reign of Rana Fateh Singh and serve as his residence in this palace. His admiration for artefacts is reflect in every corner of the palace which that now serves as a museum.
Kumbh Shyam Temple
Kumbh Shyam temple was originally built in around 8th century AD but was later repair by Maharana Kumbh of Mewar for his wife Meera Bai who was a devote of Lord Krishna or Shyam Sundar. That it was an architectural marvel during that time and was Meera’s Bai personal temple.
Shringar Chauri Temple
It that was built in the 15th century AD during Maharana Kumbh’s rule. Dedicate to 10th Jain Tirthankara, Shanti Nath, that reflects the Indo-Aryan architecture that Mewar was famous for.
Sound and Light Show
The Sound and Light Show is held here in an effort to bring even more tourists to this already popular destination. The legend of Chittor is a great way to learn more about the fort because it comes to life in mystical forms that are create out of light and sound. The hours are from 7:00 p.m. to midnight, and adults pay INR 50 per person, while children pay INR 25 per person.
Best Time to visit Chittorgarh
The months of October – March month is the best time to visit the fort. Mornings and evening are cooler and less crowded in chittor.
How to reach Chittorgarh Fort?
Chittorgarh is locate at a distance of 112 km from Udaipur, on an elevated slope near the Ganbheri River in Rajasthan. The most convenient way of reaching the fort is either by taking a bus or hiring a taxi from Udaipur city of.
The Chittor Fort, Asia’s largest fort, is located in Chittorgarh. It was fire three times; first by Alauddin Khalji in 1303, then by Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1535, and finally by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1568. Its Hindu Rajput rulers wage a bloody struggle to preserve their independence. The museum is close on Mondays, but the Chittorgarh Fort remains open to the public on all other days. Between October and March, when it’s cooler and easier to cover the fort, is the best time to visit Chittorgarh.
Akbar declared the sack of Chittor as Islam’s victory over nonbelievers. After the fort was taken over, Akbar order a mass murder of the people of Chittor. 30,000 Hindu civilians were kill, and a number of women and children were taken prisoner.