Winter and Summer Olympic Sports List

Winter and Summer Olympic Sports List – Every four years, the International Olympic Committee hosts the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. The 2020 Summer Olympics, also referred to simply as The Olympics, will include athletes from 206 nations and will take place in Tokyo in 2021. With 91 nations taking part in the Winter Olympics in China in 2022, it is a relatively smaller-scale event. Despite the fact that these competitions take place every four years, the summer and winter events are spaced out so that there is an Olympic competition every two years. The Summer Olympics are held on the year that falls on a leap year, and the Winter Olympics are held on the year that follows the leap year.

The four winter sports were initially included in the Summer Olympics, but later a separate winter sports tournament was formed. Beijing will host the recently announced winter Olympics in 2020. The Pandemic forced the cancellation of the Winter Olympic competition. There aren’t many games that are particularly well-liked among those played in the Winter and Summer Olympics. These sports include badminton, soccer, basketball, tennis, golf, swing, weightlifting, table tennis, track and field, and gymnastics. All winter and summer Olympic sports are listed below.

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Winter and Summer Olympic Sports

Every four years, the Olympics alternate between the summer and winter games. Up until 1992, both the Summer and Winter Olympic Games were held in the same year. However, the International Olympic Committee chose to preserve the four-year cycles while staggered the Summer and Winter Olympics. As a result, the following Winter Olympics took place in 1994. The 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo were postponed until 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Summer Olympics normally take place in the month of August of their scheduled year, while the Winter Olympics typically take place in February of their scheduled year.

The Winter Olympics, as the name implies, are the most prestigious Olympic competition contested on snow or ice. The Winter Olympics will be held in cities where winter weather prevails for the majority of the year. Like the Summer Olympics, the Winter Olympics take place every four years. In winter sports, competitors come from all around the world to represent their nation. The inaugural winter Olympics were held in Chamonix, France, in 1924.

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Winter and Summer Olympic Sports List

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Winter and Summer Olympic Sports Details

Event NameWinter and Summer Olympic Sports
Organized byInternational Olympic Committee
Official SiteOlympic  Game
ScheduleEvery four years

Winter and Summer Olympic Sports History

The Nordic Games, held in Sweden in 1901, were the world’s first multisport international competition for winter sports. The Nordic Games, which were initially planned by General Viktor Gustaf Balk, were staged once again in 1903 and 1905, and then every fourth year after that until 1926. Balk was a close friend of Olympic Games creator Pierre de Coubertin and a founding member of the International Olympic Committee. Prior to the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom, he tried to include winter sports, notably figure skating, to the Olympic program me, but was unsuccessful. Ulrich Salchow and Madge Sayers won the individual titles in the four competitions for figure skating.

Three years later, the IOC was presented with a proposal by the Italian count Eugenio Brunetta d’Usseaux to hold a week of winter sports as part of the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. The reason the organizers objected to the plan was that they wanted to preserve the legitimacy of the Nordic Games and were worried that there wouldn’t be enough facilities for winter sports. For the 1916 Games, which were scheduled to take place in Berlin, Germany, the concept was revived. Although the 1916 Olympics were scheduled to include speed skating, figure skating, ice hockey, and Nordic skiing, they were postponed due to the onset of World War I.

Winter and Summer Olympic Sports Comparison

Summer OlympicsWinter Olympics
IntroductionThe Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad is an international multi-sport event, occurring every four years.The Winter Olympic Games is a major international sporting event that occurs once every four years.
Organized byInternational Olympic CommitteeInternational Olympic Committee
First held1896 Athens, Greece1924 Chamonix, France
ScheduleEvery four years, on the leap yearEvery four years, two years from the leap year.
Most Recent2020 Olympics rescheduled and held in 2021 in Tokyo, Japan2022, Beijing, China
Introduction (from Wikipedia)The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (French: Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.

Sports in the Summer Olympics

Archery1900–1908, 1920, since 1972
BadmintonSince 1992
BasketballSince 1936
Basque pelota1900
Boxing1904, 1908, since 1920
Canoeing and kayakingSince 1936
DivingSince 1904
Equestrian1900, since 1912
Football (Soccer)1900–1928, since 1936
Golf1900, 1904, 2016, 2020
Handball1936, since 1972
Hockey (field)1908, 1920, since 1928
Jeu de paume1908
Judo1964, since 1972
Lacrosse1904, 1908
Modern pentathlonSince 1912
Polo1900, 1908, 1920, 1924, 1936
Rhythmic gymnasticsSince 1984
RowingSince 1900
Rugby union1900, 1908, 1920, 1924
Rugby sevens2016, 2020
Sailing1900, since 1908
Shooting1896, 1900, 1908–1924, since 1932
Synchronized SwimmingSince 1984
Table tennisSince 1988
TaekwondoSince 2000
Tennis1896–1924, since 1988
TrampolineSince 2000
TriathlonSince 2000
Tug of war1900–1920
VolleyballSince 1964
Water motorsports1908
Water PoloSince 1900
Weightlifting1896, 1904, since 1920
Wrestling1896, since 1904

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Sports in Winter Olympics

Ice hockeySince 1924
LugeSince 1964
Nordic combinedSince 1924
Short track speed skatingSince 1992
Skeleton1928; 1948Since 2002
Ski jumpingSince 1924
SnowboardingSince 1998
Speed skatingSince 1924


Summer Olympics vs Winter Olympics

The Olympic Games, whether they be in the summer or the winter, are remarkable occasions that are deeply ingrained in our society. The Summer and Winter Olympics are held on a staggered schedule, so we get to watch one of the versions of the Olympics roughly every two years, even though each iteration of the Olympic Games only happens once every four years. But there are a lot of distinctions between the Summer and Winter Olympics, from the overt like the particular sports that are competed in to the subtle like the number of nations participating. Are you interested in finding out more about the distinctions between the Winter and Summer Olympic Games? For a humorous contrast of the summer and winter Olympics, keep reading.

You don’t even have to be a die-hard sports fan to look forward to the Olympics every two years. Many of us will be glued to our televisions to watch the world’s top athletes participate in the Summer Olympics or the Winter Olympic Games. The Olympic Games are nearly as captivating and thrilling for viewers around the world as they may be for the athletes vying to compete in them due to the diversity of sports, the emotional backstories of some of the best athletes representing their countries, and genuine feats of physical prowess and grit demonstrated in each event.

All Time Medal Tally

The table below is the all-time tally for the top 10 nations as per the official data of the International Olympic Committee

1United States USA1,1659438262,934
2Russia RUS (incl. past NOCs Russian Empire, Soviet Union)7466226141,982
3Germany GER (incl. past NOCs West Germany and East Germany5886026041,794
4Great Britain GBR296323331950
5China CHN275227194696
6France FRA259286330875
7Italy ITA257224261742
8Sweden SWE205222234661
9Norway NOR194176161531
10Japan JPN183172200555

Winter Olympic Sports 2022

Since skeleton was added in 2002, the list of sports at the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics has remained static. There haven’t been any changes to sports, but for 2022, there are seven new competitions: snowboard cross, men’s and women’s big air, men’s and women’s monobloc, and mixed team events in aerial skiing, ski jumping, and short track speedskating. See the updated sports list.

The three primary categories of the 15 Winter Olympic sports are ice sports, alpine skiing and snowboarding events, and Nordic events. There are additional specific events in each of these sports disciplines, as indicated.

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Winter Sports at Summer Olympics

Prior to the existence of the Winter Olympic Games, some sports that are now a part of the Winter Olympics were once a part of the Summer Olympics. Although they have switched from the summer to the winter versions of the Olympics, these sports or events are still considered to be ongoing. The Olympic sport of figure skating first made an appearance in the London Summer Games in 1908. The 1916 Summer Games in Berlin were scheduled to debut a “Skiing Olympia,” complete with Nordic competitions in the Black Forest, but they were postponed following the start of World War I in 1914. 1920 saw the addition of figure skating events in Antwerp, Belgium. Another Winter Olympics will be held in Antwerp.

The “International Winter Sports Week,” which took place in Chamonix, France, in 1924 and is usually referred to as the first Winter Olympic Games, marked the commencement of the Winter Olympics as a separate competition from the Summer Games. Learn more about the Winter Olympics’ history and sports. The highly wintery sport of alpinism received a trophy at the Summer Olympics in 1932 and 1936. This award has been dropped. There are other other sports from the Winter Olympic programme that were once included but are no longer, including military patrol. See our list of Winter Olympics Discontinued Sports.

Olympic Winter Games Lists

  1. Alpine Skiing
  2. Biathlon
  3. Bobsleigh
  4. Cross-country Skiing
  5. Luge
  6. Speed Skating
  7. Ski jumping
  8. Ski mountaineering
  9. Snowboard
  10. Skeleton
  11. Short Track Speed Skating
  12. Nordic Combined
  13. ICE Hockey
  14. Freestyle Skiing
  15. Figure Skating
  16. Curling
  17. Cross-Country Skiing

Summer Olympics Lists

  1. Wrestling
  2. Weightlifting
  3. Triathlon
  4. Tennis
  5. Taekwondo
  6. Table Tennis
  7. Swimming
  8. Surfing
  9. Sport Climbing
  10. Speed Skating
  11. Snowboard
  12. Ski Mountaineering
  13. Ski jumping
  14. Skeleton
  15. Skateboarding
  16. Short Track Speed Skating
  17. Shooting
  18. Sailing
  19. Rugby SEVENS
  20. Rowing
  21. Rhythmic gymnastics
  22. Nordic Combined
  23. Modern Pentathlon
  24. Luge
  25. Karate
  26. Judo
  27. Ice hockey
  28. Hockey
  29. Golf
  30. Futsal
  31. Freestyle Skiing
  32. Figure Skating
  33. Fencing
  34. Equestrian
  35. Diving
  36. Cycling road
  37. Cycling BMX Freestyle
  38. Curling
  39. Cross-country  Skiing
  40. Breaking
  41. Boxing
  42. Bobsleigh
  43. Biathlon
  44. Beach volleyball
  45. Badminton
  46. Athletics
  47. Artistic gymnastics
  48. Archery
  49. Alpine Skiing
  50. 3×3 basketball

When will be start Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics?

Athens hosted the first Summer Olympic Games in 1894. Having fewer than 250 athletes competing in 42 events over nine sports, all of them were men. It wasn’t until 1924 that the Winter Olympics were first held. Ice sports like figure skating and ice hockey were previously a part of the Summer Olympics. For instance, ice hockey was initially played in 1920, whereas figure skating had its Olympic debut at the London Summer Games in 1908. All winter sports were permanently relocated to the Winter Olympics once they were launched in 1924.

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How Many Sports and Events For Summer vs Winter Olympics?

There were just nine sports, ten categories, and 43 events in the inaugural Summer Olympics. The sports were weightlifting, wrestling, fencing, gymnastics, shooting, swimming, tennis, and cycling. However, there were 339 events in 33 different sports, covering a total of 50 disciplines, at the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics Games. Karate, sport climbing, surfing, and skateboarding were among the new activities that were introduced; baseball and softball were also brought back. New sports including 33 basketball and freestyle BMX were also introduced.

There will be 32 sports at the Summer Olympics in 2024. The 2020 Summer Olympic Games will no longer feature baseball, softball, or karate, while breakdancing will make its debut. The sports will include swimming, surfing, synchronised swimming, table tennis, taekwondo, tennis, track and field, triathlon, indoor volleyball, water polo, weightlifting, and wrestling. They will also include archery, badminton, basketball, beach volleyball, breakdancing, boxing, canoe kayak, climbing, cycling, diving, equestrian, fencing, field hockey, golf, gymnastics, handball, judo, modern pentathlon.

How Many Countries Participate in Summer vs Winter Olympics?

In 1924, the first Winter Olympic Games featured competition between athletes from 16 different nations. Athletes from 88 National Olympic Committees have qualified for the 2022 Winter Olympics. It is planned that Saudi Arabia and Haiti will compete in their first Winter Olympics.

The first Summer Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1894, and participants came from 14 different nations. This has greatly increased to the point that 11,483 athletes from 206 National Olympic Committees competed in the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics.

How Many Countries Have Hosted Winter vs Summer Olympics?

Simply because the Summer Olympic Games were held before the Winter Olympics, there have been far more instances and locations where the Summer Olympics have taken place. Due to the requirement that it be cold enough for snow and ice in February, destinations for the Winter Olympics are more restricted geographically and can only be found in the Northern Hemisphere. So far, the Winter Olympic Games have only been held in the following 12 nations over three continents: the United States, France, Austria, Canada, Japan, Italy, Norway, Switzerland, Germany, Russia, South Korea, and soon, China.

In contrast, the Summer Olympics have been held in 19 different nations over 5 continents. The US, UK, Greece, France, Germany, Australia, Sweden, Belgium, Netherlands, Finland, Italy, Mexico, Soviet Union, South Korea, and Japan are among the nations.


The Olympics is one of the most prominent competitions in the world. Here is a list of the winter and summer Olympic sports. In several games, the finest players in the world compete against one another to represent their nation. For nations, winning an Olympic medal is important for status. The last time the Olympics were hosted in multiple nations was years ago. The Winter Olympics, Summer Olympics, and Paralympics are the three main types of Olympic competition.

The Summer Olympics are often referred to as Olympiad Games. It is the important multisport competition that takes place every four years. The Olympics are held in a different country every year. The first Summer Olympics were held in Greece’s capital city of Athens in 1896. Most recently, the Olympics were scheduled to be held in Japan in 2020 but were postponed.

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