Appendicitis Symptoms- Your appendix becomes inflamed and infected with bacteria when you have appendicitis. It can happen for a number of different reasons, but the most common one is a bacterial infection. The large intestine is connected to the appendix, an organ resembling a finger. Because it has no known function in the human body, this organ is referred to as a vestigial organ. Surgery will be necessary to remove it if it becomes infected and inflamed. It is a prevalent condition that can affect people of any age.
Bacteria have the potential to clog your appendix and multiply there. This will result in the production of pus, and if it is not treated promptly, it may even cause your appendix to burst, allowing the bacteria to spread throughout your abdomen. This could result in a serious infection that could even kill the patient. In order to prevent the infection from becoming fatal, appendicitis is typically detected in its early stages.
Your appendix becomes inflamed and infected with bacteria when you have Appendicitis Symptoms. It can happen for a number of different reasons, but the most common one is a bacterial infection. The large intestine is connected to the appendix, an organ resembling a finger. Because it has no known function in the human body, this organ is referred to as a vestigial organ. Surgery will be necessary to remove it if it becomes infected and inflamed. It is a prevalent condition that can affect people of any age.
Bacteria have the potential to clog your appendix and multiply there. Appendicitis Symptoms will result in the production of pus, and if it is not treated promptly, it may even cause your appendix to burst, allowing the bacteria to spread throughout your abdomen. This could result in a serious infection that could even kill the patient. In order to prevent the infection from becoming fatal, appendicitis is typically detected in its early stages.
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Types of Appendicitis
Depending on how long the patient has had the infection, it can be either acute or chronic.
- Acute appendicitis: A patient with acute appendicitis experiences sudden and severe pain in their right lower abdomen. The pain starts out small and gets worse over the course of 24 hours. It’s a medical emergency that needs to be treated right away. Surgical appendectomy is the most common treatment for this condition.
- Acute appendicitis is more prevalent than chronic appendicitis. The right side of the lower abdomen may experience mild pain, but this typically does not raise any concerns. Over a period of weeks, months, or even years, the pain may recur. Because the pain isn’t as bad as in acute appendicitis, this is harder to diagnose. Acute appendicitis is sometimes diagnosed only after it develops. Compared to acute appendicitis, this is a more serious condition.
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Symptoms of Appendicitis
There are many different signs and symptoms of appendicitis, but abdominal pain is the most common one. Listed below are all of the symptoms of appendicitis.
- Sudden and intense pain in the right lower abdomen.
- Sudden and intense pain which radiates towards the naval and to the right side of the lower abdomen.
- Coughing, walking or jogging worsens the pain.
- Low fever along with constipation or diarrhoea.
- Severe pain which wakes you up from your sleep.
- Abdominal Bloating
- Loss of Appetite
- Indigestion or Vomiting
Causes of Appendicitis
The most common cause of appendicitis is a blockage in the appendix’s lining. The bacteria grow and become entangled in this obstruction, causing appendix inflammation. A blockage in your appendix can occur for a variety of reasons.
Numerous risk factors influence the onset of appendicitis in patients, including prolonged constipation, enlarging lymphoid follicles, tumors in the intestines, and injury to the lower abdomen.
- Age: This condition typically affects individuals between the ages of 10 and 30.
- History in the family: If someone in your family has had appendicitis, you could also get it. To avoid it, you should have your family checked out on a regular basis.
- Gender: It has been reported that men are more likely than women of the same age to get appendicitis.
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Diagnosis of Appendicitis
The diagnosis of appendicitis cannot be confirmed by a single test. Your medical history and the history of your symptoms will be taken into consideration by your doctor if they believe you may have appendicitis.
After that, they will use physical tests to see if the lower abdomen is tender. In order to rule out any other conditions, your doctor will also run the following tests.
- Blood tests: The Total Leucocyte Count (TLC) in your blood will rise, which will show if there is an infection in your body. A bacterial infection typically occurs alongside appendicitis, confirming the diagnosis.
- The purpose of the urine test is to rule out kidney stones or an infection of the urinary tract as potential causes of your symptoms.
- Pregnancy Test: Lower abdominal pain may also indicate an ectopic pregnancy. Pain is caused when the fertilized egg is implanted on the fallopian tube rather than the uterine wall. This is a medical emergency that calls for treatment right away.
- Abdominal Imaging: To confirm the diagnosis of appendicitis, the doctor may use X-ray, ultrasound, or computer tomography (CT) scans. The appendix’s size and extent of inflammation will also be shown by this.
- Exam of the Pelvis: Your doctor may also conduct a pelvic exam to rule out a condition called pelvic inflammatory disease, which has the same symptoms as appendicitis.
- Your doctor may also suspect pneumonia in the lower lobes of the lungs based on chest imaging and tests. The signs and symptoms of this condition are similar to those of appendicitis.
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Treatment of Appendicitis
Having your appendix removed surgically is the most effective treatment for appendicitis. Your doctor will treat your symptoms in the following ways before performing the surgery.
- Painkillers to lessen your discomfort.
- Your doctor will use a needle to drain your abscess, which is a bacterial pouch filled with pus, if it has not ruptured.
- You will receive the necessary nutrients through an IV drip or a liquid diet.
- Your doctor will only give you antibiotics to get rid of the infection if you have mild appendicitis.
The infected abscess and your appendix will then be removed by the doctor during an appendectomy. The doctor will also clean the abdominal cavity if your abscess has burst. Depending on your condition, your doctor may perform an open or laparoscopic procedure. Most of the time, the surgery is safe and does not harm the patient’s life.
Your doctor may still give you antibiotics and pain medication after the surgery. You might also be told to walk slowly during the day and to always clean your surgical scar. You will need to rest completely in bed and refrain from doing anything strenuous.
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Complications of Appendicitis
You run the risk of many serious complications if you don’t get treatment for your appendicitis right away. Sepsis is a serious medical emergency in which a bacterial infection enters the bloodstream and can affect other organs. Shortness of breath, fatigue, lethargy, and a high or low body temperature are all symptoms of sepsis. If not treated promptly, it can harm your organs and even kill you.
- Peritonitis occurs when an abscess containing bacterial pus and debris ruptures, contaminating your abdominal cavity. The infection could spread to your liver, stomach, or other organs as a result of this.
- Abscesses develop when bacteria in the body grow out of control. They are a painful structure that looks like a pocket and is full of bacterial pus. They can make it difficult to walk or do other activities. These abscesses may also rupture when you engage in strenuous activities, releasing pus into your body.
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Prevention of Appendicitis
Several modifications to one’s diet and way of life can prevent appendicitis. The steps you can take to prevent appendicitis are listed below.
- Include fruits in your diet. Consuming a wide variety of fruits will help you stay healthy and keep your immunity up. Additionally, this will enhance your bowel movements, thereby preventing constipation.
- Consume foods high in fiber: Include oats, whole wheat, and brown rice in your diet.
- Include pulses and legumes in your diet: Include lentils or legumes at least once a week in your meals. Your intestines will be healthier as a result of this.
Avoid Strenuous Activity: If you’ve recently had appendicitis, you should stay away from strenuous activities to protect the surgical stitches.
- Keep an eye out for signs of the disease If you experience pain in your lower abdomen, don’t ignore it; instead, see a doctor right away to get a diagnosis and treatment faster.
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